Manuscripts and Archives of the Historical Medical Library of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia

Francis R. Packard papers Edit


MSS 2/034


  • 1893 – 1950 (Creation)


  • 12 boxes (Whole)

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  • Biographical / Historical

    Francis Randolph Packard was born in Philadelphia on 23 March 1870. He was the son of John Hooker Packard, a surgeon, and Elisabeth Wood Packard, sister of George B. Wood. Packard's older brother, Frederick A., was also a physician. In 1899, Packard married Christine B. Curwen who died of a brain tumor in 1901. He then married Margaret Horstmann in 1906; the couple had four daughters, Margaret, Ann, Elisabeth, and Francis. Francis R. Packard died, of complications following a fall, in Pennsylvania Hospital on 18 April 1950.

    Packard received a Certificate in Biology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1889, then received an M.D. from the Medical Department at the University in 1892. After receiving his degree, Packard went to Johns Hopkins Hospital to do post graduate work under Sir William Osler. He returned to Philadelphia in 1894 and became an intern at Pennsylvania Hospital. Packard opened his medical practice in 1895; by 1898, he had begun to specialize in otolaryngology. In 1898, he became First Lieutenant and Assistant Surgeon in the 2nd Regiment of the Pennsylvania National Guard. During World War I, Packard served as Otologist and Laryngologist at Base Hospital No. 10 and went to France as a member of the Pennsylvania Hospital Unit. He worked as an anesthetist for Charles F. Mitchell during the Passchendaele offensive and was Chief Consultant in Otolaryngology for the District of Paris from 1918 to 1919.

    From ca.1897 to 1930, Packard held a post on the otolaryngological faculty at the Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates in Medicine. He was also Professor of Otology at the University of Pennsylvania (1902-1921), Chief of the Laryngology Department at Pennsylvania Hospital, Consulting Oto Laryngologist to Bryn Mawr Hospital, Consulting Laryngologist to Norristown State Hospital, and Laryngologist to Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (19211925). He was noted for his development of the mastoid periosteal elevator.

    Although Packard specialized in otolaryngology, he is most noted for his contributions to medical history. He was the founder and editor (1917-1942) of "The annals of medical history". Packard also edited "The American journal of medical sciences" (1901-1906). He wrote numerous articles on otolaryngological or historical subjects and published several books, including A textbook of diseases of the nose, throat and ear (1909), History of medicine in the United States (1901, revised 1931), and a history of Pennsylvania Hospital (1938).

    Packard was a member of many professional organizations, including the American Laryngological Association (President, 1930), the American Otological Society (President, 1935), the Pathological Society of Philadelphia, the American Association for the History of Medicine, and the Royal Society of Medicine (Great Britain). Packard became a Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1897. He held many offices, including Secretary, Honorary Librarian, Vice President, and Chairman of the Section on Medical History. Packard was President of the College from 1931 to 1933. He was also a member of the American Philosophical Society, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and the British Officers Club.

  • Scope and Contents

    This collection of correspondence, addresses, writings, and research materials documents Francis R. Packard's work with the history of medicine and his editorship of "The annals of medical history".

    Series 1 contains two collections of Packard's incoming correspondence (1893-1950) with occasional copies of his outgoing letters. Series 1.1 is filed alphabetically by name of correspondent; subjects include submissions to "The annals of medical history", inquiries concerning the history of medicine, and documentation of Packard's professional appointments and work with organizations, such as the American Philosophical Society, Bryn Mawr Hospital, the Library Company of Philadelphia, and the Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Major correspondents concerning "The annals of medical history" include: Arturo Castiglioni, Harvey Cushing, Sir Ernest Finch, John F. Fulton, Fielding H. Garrison, Paul B. Hoeber, Chevalier Jackson, E. B. Krumbhaar, William S. Middleton, Robert L. Pitfield, Sir Humphrey Rolleston, John Ruhrah, and Richard H. Shryock. There is an extensive collection of letters (1893-1919) from Sir William Osler concerning "The American journal of medical science", the history of medicine, and the death of his son, Revere, as well as a typescript account of the presentation made to Osler on his 70th birthday by the Royal Society of Medicine. Other notable items include correspondence from P. M. Ashburn of the Army Medical Library, W. R. Bett on the Osler Club, Thomas McCrae on Packard's contribution to A system of modern medicine, Charles Singer's letters about a trip to the United States in 1930, and J. William White on the Franklin Inn Club. Series 1.2 is a chronological file, assembled during the last years of Packard's life (1946-1950). The bulk of this correspondence concerns medical history.

    Fifteen addresses on topics of medical history or otolaryngology (1894-1942) are preserved in Series 2. Most addresses have complete typescripts, but some exist only in the form of rough notes or fragments and may never have been delivered.

    A wide selection of manuscripts of Packard's writings, generally unpublished, is contained in Series 3. There are two book length typescripts, one, a history of surgery (ca.1938), the other, an undated biography of Baron Dominique Larrey, as well as brief articles on Sir William Osler and Crawford W. Long. The series also includes correspondence, reviews, and bills and receipts from Packard's History of medicine in the United States; biographical memoirs of William Pepper, Harrison Smith Morris, and Lawrence Johnson Morris; and a few book reviews written by Packard.

    Research materials, mostly undated, which were assembled by Packard for various projects are preserved in Series 4. Most of this material is either on index cards or in the form of manuscript or typescript notes sorted by subject heading. The series includes notes on the lives of Michel de Montaigne and Samuel Pepys; biographical information on physicians who were members of the American Philosophical Society; and an extensive collection of materials relating to medicine and William Shakespeare's work. Packard gathered relevant quotations and explanatory material from Shakespeare's plays and sorted this information by subject, such as aphrodisiacs, fever, insanity, poison, and venomous animals. This series also includes notes on two plays, "The Merry Wives of Windsor" and "King John", and correspondence from Shakespearean scholar Horace Howard Furness.

    Series 5 contains a catalogue by slide number and two incomplete subject catalogues for Packard's lantern slide collection on medical history. Packard donated his collection to the Library of the College of Physicians in 1942.

    Some information documenting Packard's editorship of "The annals of medical history" is preserved in Series 6. There is one folder of correspondence (1916-1917) from physicians, Harvey Cushing, Mortimer Frank, Abraham Jacobi, Morris Jastrow, Howard A. Kelly, Arnold C. Klebs, and Edward C. Streeter, expressing approval and support of the proposed publication. Packard's card index to authors and submissions as well as an editorial index to book reviews, correspondence, editorials, and news items is included. (Packard's editorial correspondence is interfiled with his personal and professional correspondence in Series

    Series 7 is composed of miscellaneous items, including some extensive background material on Crawford W. Long, with correspondence from Long's daughter and biographer, Frances Long Taylor, and Emory A. Bryant; a small collection of medical poetry; printed material from the Royal College of Physicians's 1928 Harvey Tercentenary, which Packard attended as the representative of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia; and a small card file of notes on Packard's otolaryngological patients, sorted by surgical procedure or ailment (1900-1925).

  • Custodial History

    The Francis R. Packard Papers were donated to the Wood Institute of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia by three of Packard's daughters, Mrs. Peyton R. Biddle, Mrs. E. Perot Bissell, Jr., and Mrs. John H. W. Rhein ca.19 December 1979 and 16 February 1980. Sometime after the death of Francis R. Packard, the papers were stored in a suitcase in the basement of the home of Mrs. Peyton R. Biddle in Glenmore, Pa. The collection was reviewed by Ronald F. Kotrc and Samuel X Radbill in 1980. Radbill also appraised the Osler letters in 1980 and assigned them a value of 6140.00.

    In 1954, Packard's widow approached the American Philosophical Society about publishing the manuscript biography of Dominique Larrey, but it was refused by the Committee on Publication. In 1980, Ronald F. Kotrc also made an unsuccessful attempt to publish all or part of this manuscript in Transactions and Studies. A study of Packard's Osler correspondence was published by Samuel X Radbill in Transactions and Studies, series 5, volume 6, number 3, September 1984.

    This collection of Packard's papers was processed and catalogued in November 1989. Reprints and some duplicate or ephemeral material were removed and discarded. The scrapbook of reviews of Packard's History of medicine was xeroxed and the original discarded. The correspondence in Series 1.1 was in some confusion, possibly reflecting retention in a series of alphabetical box files. It was impossible to reconstruct any original order, so correspondence before 1946 was integrated into one alphabetical sequence.

  • Inventory

    Box Ser.

    1 1 CORRESPONDENCE, 1893-1950

    1.1 Alphabetical File: 1. A (1 folder) 1928-1945 2. American Philosophical Society (1 folder) 1929-1949 3. Ashburn, P. M. (1 folder) 1929-1931 4. B (1 folder) 1928-1945 5. Bett, W. R. (1 folder) 1928-1935 6. Bryn Mawr Hospital (1 folder) 1929-1942 7. C (1 folder) 1925-1948 8. Castiglioni, Arturo (1 folder) 1929-1947 9. College of Physicians of Philadelphia (1 folder) 1920-1935 10. Cushing, Harvey (1 folder) 1924-1937 11. D (1 folder) 1928-1934 12. E (1 folder) 1930-1932 13. F (1 folder) 1903-1945 14. Finch, Sir Ernest (1 folder) 1941-1946 15. Fulton, John F. (1 folder) 1930-1940 16. G (1 folder) 1929-1942 17. Garrison, Fielding H. (1 folder) 1915-1931 18. H (1 folder) 1905-1946 19. Haymaker, Webb (1 folder) 1930-1932 20. Hoeber, Paul B. (1 folder) 1915-1933 21. I (1 folder) 1930-1942 22. J (1 folder) 1923-1945 23. Jackson, Chevalier (1 folder) 1928 24. K (1 folder) 1930-1945 25. Krumbhaar, E. B. (1 folder) 1929-1933 26. L (1 folder) 1929-1932 27. Library Company of Philadelphia (1 folder) 1935;1941 28. Librairies Flammarion (1 folder) 1928-1934 2 29. M (1 folder) 1928-1944 30. Mayo Foundation (1 folder) 1928-1929 31. McCrae, Thomas (1 folder) 1905-1906 32. Middleton, William S. (1 folder) 1931-1936

    Box Ser.

    2 1.1 33. N (1 folder) 1930-1938 34. Norristown State Hospital (1 folder) 1929-1935 35. O (1 folder) 1901-1935 36. Osler, Sir William (2 folders) 1893-1919 37. P (1 folder) 1903-1943 38. Paul B. Hoeber, Inc. (1 folder) 1929-1947 39. Pitfield, Robert L. (1 folder) 1932-1942 40. R (1 folder) 1928-1946 41. Rolleston, Sir Humphrey (1 folder) 1938-1941 42. Ruhrah, John (1 folder) 1931 43. S (1 folder) 1928-1948 44. Seward, Blanton P. (1 folder) 1930-1934 45. Shryock, Richard H. (1 folder) 1929-1946 46. Singer, Charles (1 folder) 1930-1945 47. T (1 folder) 1928-1943 48. U (1 folder) 1919-1941 49. V (1 folder) 1929-1932 50. W (1 folder) 1929-1947 51. White, J. William (1 folder) 1903-1913 52. Z (1 folder) 1931 53. Correspondent unidentified (1 folder) [n.d.]

    1.2 Chronological File (4 folders) 1946-1950

    3 2 ADDRESSES, 1894-1942 1. "Jean Paul Marat physician and revolutionist", (typescript, 21 p.). H. C. Wood Medical Society, [Philadelphia, Pa.], [ca.10 November 1894?] (1 folder) [ca.1894?] 2. "Thomas Wakley, founder of The Lancet and medical reformer", (typescript, 25 p.). [n.p.] [ca.190-?] (1 folder) [ca.190-?] 3. "The beginning of intra laryngeal medication a noteworthy controversy", (typescript, 8 p.). [n.p.] [ca.1920?] (1 folder) [ca.1920?] 4. "William and John Hunter, a study in contrasts", (typescript, 51 p.). [New York Academy of Medicine Section of Historical and Cultural Medicine, New York, N.Y.] [ca.12 March 1930?] (1 folder) [ca.1930?]

    Box Ser.

    3 2 5. [History of Library Company of Philadelphia] (fragment), (typescript, 3 p.). [Library Company of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa.] [ca.1931?] (1 folder) [ca.1931?] 6. "How London and Edinburgh influenced medicine in Philadelphia in the eighteenth century", (typescript, 40 p.). [College of Physicians of Philadelphia, S. Weir Mitchell Oration, Philadelphia, Pa.] [ca.18 November 1931?] (1 folder) [ca.1931?] 7. "William Osler, the institutions and men with which he was associated in Philadelphia", (typescript, 24 p.). [Canadian Medical Association Osler Memorial Oration, Toronto, Ontario] [ca.22 June 1932?] (1 folder) [ca.1932?] 8. "The history of the diagnosis of chest disease" (fragment), (typescript, 2 p.). [Trudeau School of Tuberculosis, Saranac Lake, N.Y.] [ca.8 September 1941?] (1 folder) [ca.1941?] 9. "The diagnosis of diseases of the lungs and heart: stethoscope to X ray", (typescript, 48 p.). [College of Physicians of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa.] 16 January 1942 (1 folder) 1942 10. "Historical resume on some operative procedures of the nose and throat", (typescript, 13 p.). [n.p.] [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 11. [History of medicine], (notes). [n.p.] [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 12. "Medical teaching and practice in Elizabethan times" (fragments), (typescripts) [n.p.] [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.]

    Box Ser.

    3 2 13. [Philadelphia in the eighteenth century] (fragments), (typescript and notes) [n.p.] [ca.4 February 1932?] (2 folders) [ca.1932?] 14. "Robert Burton, the author of The anatomy of melancholy, and his book", (typescript, 15 p.). [n.p.] [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 15. [The teaching of anatomy in Great Britain], (typescript outline, 8 p.). [n.p.] [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.]

    3 WRITINGS, 1900-1950

    1. History of medicine in the United States: Financial bills and receipts (1 folder) 1900-1901 Correspondence (1 folder) 1901-1932 Scrapbook of reviews and promotional materials [xerox copy only] (1 folder) 1901-1902 2. "Crawford W. Long, the discoverer of surgical anaesthesia", (typescript, 10 p.). [ca.1910?] (1 folder) [ca.1910?] 4 3. [History of surgery], (typescript, 563 p., and drafts). [ca.1938?] (17 folders) [ca.1938?] 4. "The Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin in 1731", (manuscript, 8 p.). [ca.1 March 1945?] (1 folder) [ca.1945?] 5. "Irving S. Cutter, medical historian and teacher", (typescript, 3 p., and correspondence). [ca.January 1946?] (2 folders) 1945-1946 6. "An 18th century anatomist in London and Philadelphia", (manuscript with typescript additions, 11 p., and correspondence). [ca.June 1946?] (1 folder) 1946-1948 7. Foreword to Cecilia Mettler's History of medicine, (typescript, 1 p.). [ca.26 August 1946?] (1 folder) [ca.1946?]

    Box Ser.

    5 3 8. "William Osler in Philadelphia", (typescript, 11 p., with abstract, 2 p., manuscript draft, 12 p., and correspondence). [ca.February 1948?] (2 folders) 1947-1949 9. [Diseases of the ear], (typescript, 4 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 10. "Egerton Y. Davis in Philadelphia", (typescript, 3 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 11. "An xviiith century French publisher and bookseller in Philadelphia, Moreau de Saint Mery", (manuscript, 9 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 12. [French in America] (fragments), (manuscript and bibliography). [n.d.] (2 folders) [n.d.] 13. "John Morgan and William Shippen, Jr., and the beginning of systematic medical education in this country", (typescript, 40 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 14. The life and campaigns of Baron Dominique Larrey, (typescript, 327 p.). [n.d.] (20 folders) [n.d.] 15. "Operations on the mastoid", (typescript, 4 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 16. [Physicians in English literature] (fragments), (typescripts). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 17. "Sir William Osler and The fixed period", (typescript, 3 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 18. [Tobias Smollett], (manuscript, 7 p.). [n.d.] (1 folder) [n.d.] 19. Biographical memoirs of William Pepper, Harrison Smith Morris, and Lawrence Johnson Morris (1 folder) 1947-1949 20. Book reviews (1 folder) 1922-1950

    Box Ser.

    5 4 RESEARCH NOTES, 1902-1907

    4.1 Michel de Montaigne:

    1. Biographical notes (1 folder) [n.d.] 6 2. Subject index, A W (1 card file) [n.d.]

    7 4.2 Resurrectionists (1 folder) [n.d.]

    4.3 Medicine in Shakespeare:

    1. Notes by subject: Abscesses and sores (1 folder) [n.d.] Alcohol and drink (1 folder) [n.d.] Anatomy and physiology (1 folder) [n.d.] Aphrodisiacs (1 folder) [n.d.] Bastardy (1 folder) [n.d.] Death (1 folder) [n.d.] Deformities (1 folder) [n.d.] Diseases (1 folder) [n.d.] Domestic medicine (1 folder) [n.d.] Drowning (1 folder) [n.d.] Fever (1 folder) [n.d.] Fico (1 folder) [n.d.] Fistula (1 folder) [n.d.] Infection (1 folder) [n.d.] Insanity (1 folder) [n.d.] Malaria (1 folder) [n.d.] Mandragora (1 folder) [n.d.] Marriage (1 folder) [n.d.] Medical attitude (1 folder) [n.d.] Medical learning (1 folder) [n.d.] Medical similes and ideas (1 folder) [n.d.] Obstetrics (1 folder) [n.d.] Physicians (1 folder) [n.d.] Plague (1 folder) [n.d.] Poison (1 folder) [n.d.] Pre natal events (1 folder) [n.d.] Spontaneous generation (1 folder) [n.d.] Suicide (1 folder) [n.d.] Surgery (1 folder) [n.d.] Syphilis (1 folder) [n.d.] Therapeutics (1 folder) [n.d.] Urinary examinations (1 folder) [n.d.] Unborn child innocent (1 folder) [n.d.] Venomous animals (1 folder) [n.d.] Veterinary medicine (1 folder) [n.d.] Witchcraft (1 folder) [n.d.] Miscellaneous (1 folder) [n.d.]

    Box Ser.

    7 4.3 2. Dr. Caius and "The Merry Wives of Windsor" (1 folder) [n.d.] 3. History of "King John" (1 folder) [n.d.] 4. Correspondence (1 folder) 1904-1907 5. Notebook (1 volume) [n.d.] 6. Printed materials (1 folder) 1902-1907

    4.4 Physicians of the American Philosophical Society:

    1. Notes (1 folder) [n.d.] 8 2. Numerical index, 3-2071 (1 card file) [n.d.] 3. Alphabetical index, A R (1 card file) [n.d.] 4. Alphabetical index foreign members, A Z (1 card file) [n.d.] 5. Members before 1769 (1 card file) [n.d.] 9 4.5 Samuel Pepys: subject index, A T (1 card file) [n.d.]

    4.6 Miscellaneous notes:

    1. Quotations (1 card file) [n.d.] 2. American physicians from Edinburgh (1 card file) [n.d.] 10 3. Historical notes (1 folder) [n.d.]


    1. Catalogue (by slide number) (1 folder) [ca.1942?] 2. Subject catalogue, A S (1 card file) [n.d.] 3. Subject catalogue, A Q (1 card file) [n.d.]


    11 1. Author index, A Z (1 card file) 1930-1942 2. Editorial index of book reviews, correspondence, editorials, and news items (1 card file) 1930-1942 12 3. Correspondence concerning foundation (1 folder) 1916-1917

    Box Ser.


    7.1 Crawford W. Long: 1. Correspondence from Emory A. Bryant (1 folder) 1928;1933 2. Correspondence from Frances Long Taylor (1 folder) 1910-1922 3. Printed materials (1 folder) 1896-1928

    7.2 Medical poetry (1 folder) [n.d.]

    7.3 Royal College of Physicians Harvey Tercentenary (1928) (2 folders) 1928

    7.4 Notes on patients (by otolaryngological procedure) (1 folder) 1900-1925

    7.5 Newsclippings (1 folder) 1904